I asked my students to write a Review Paper using the sources from the literature review part of research papers they submitted in their major courses. Like the Review of Related Literature in research reports, a review paper is "not an original publication" reporting research findings, but one that is written "to review previously published literature and to put it into some kind of perspective" (Day, 1998). Blackwell and Martin (2011) defines their purpose: "they review, or summarize, knowledge of the subject addressed...[and] critically appraise, relevant parts of many previous studies...rather than describing a single study."
Unlike the Review of Related Literature in research reports, however, the review paper is "the principal product." Some journals publish review papers meant "to compile and annotate but not necessarily to evaluate the papers on a particular subject during a defined time period.... [But other journals] prefer, and some demand, authoritative and critical evaluations of the published literature on a subject.... [Early review papers] tended to present historical analyses...[and] were often organised in a chronological order.... [But more recent review papers are] 'state of the art' reviews or reviews that provide a new understanding of a rapidly moving field" (Day, 1998).
Review papers are usually written following the IMRAD format, but with an expanded Introduction and Discussion part, and minus the Methods and Results (Day, 1998). A standard format would include (Blackwell and Martin, 2011):
Here are some tips I gave my students as pre-writing steps:
Here are some tips I gave my students in writing the review paper:
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